TableĀ 3.

Author's suggestions for the most significant developments in engineering geology in the UK since 1950

1. Desk studies: the advent of the internet and the www
2. Field mapping: mapping for engineering geology and geomorphology; GPS; field tablets
3. Remote sensing: satellite imagery, notably MSS, HSS and InSAR; ground and aerial LiDAR; drones; autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) for underwater investigations
4. Soil and rock description: national and international standards
5. Borehole drilling: increased use of wireline; different flush media; double and triple core barrels
6. Geophysics: developments in the whole discipline; cross-hole seismic testing; ground-penetrating radar (GPR); offshore multibeam bathymetry
7. Groundwater: all aspects of sampling, testing, monitoring, porewater pressure measurement and modelling
8. Soil and rock testing: effective stress; residual shear strength; critical state soil mechanics; CPT; continuous groundwater monitoring; test standardization
9. Communications: mobile and satellite phones; laptop and desktop computers; email
10. Data handling: BIM; GIS; ground model; slope stability and bearing capacity modelling; hazard and risk assessment
11.Health and safety: risk assessment; HSE; Health & Safety at Work Act; Corporate Manslaughter Act; company safety codes of practice; professional body safety codes of practice
12. Professionalism: degree accreditation by the Geological Society of London; Chartered Geologist; Register of Ground Engineering Professionals